Questions associated with pregnancy prevention are actual for both – men and women. But especially the women, because the high-quality contraception doesn’t only protect against unwanted pregnancies, but also maintains homeostasis of the organism. Canadian Family Pharmacy https://canadianfamilypharmacycorp.com/ ennumerates all the variants of contraception for a modern woman.
Variants of protection
Today, the pharmaceutical market offers a lot of different options of contraceptive preparates: vaginal rings, condoms (including female), intrauterine devices, different types of spermicides, combined oral contraceptives (COCs), etc. In fact, they are divided into two types: barrier and pharmacological.
The less popular options relate to “natural contraception”, which is based on a calendar or temperature method (rather risky option), and voluntary sterilization. The latter, according to the law, is carried out in normal fertile men and women with two or more children.
It is understood that none of the methods of protection against unwanted pregnancy gives 100% guarantee – even sterilization. However, the combined oral contraceptives index reaches 99%, so they are in great demand nowadays.
The phrase “hormonal contraceptives” frightens many women by the first word. Yes, in clinical practice hormones are the “heavy artillery”, which has a complex effect on the body and causes significant changes. However, all this is true for hormone replacement therapy, which is prescribed by the doctors in cases of serious pathologies and has nothing to do with modern contraception.
In this regard, the hormones can be compared with … apples. Several pieces will bring benefits to the body, but try to eat, let’s say, five kilograms per one time – and digestive problems are guaranteed. Microdosages of hormones in oral contraceptives are selected to have a protective effect and thus cause minimum side effects.
Regarding the types of oral contraceptives, they may be combined (estrogen + progesterone), gestagenic (progesterone) and long-acting. Also the contraceptives may be mono-, di- and three-phase, depending on the dosage of their constituent hormone (1, 2 and 3 of the dose in each bottle).
Tablets with the formula of natural hormones
One of the latest discoveries of modern contraceptive methods is a formula of natural hormones – the combination of hormones that is as close as possible to the hormones produced naturally in a woman’s body. Thus they provide the maximum protection against unwanted pregnancies with minimal side effects.
Tablets with a formula of natural hormones are monophasic oral contraceptives containing 17β-estradiol and nomegestrola acetate that are fully identical to the estrogen and progesterone of a woman. Nomegestrola acetate (NOMAC) is not simply a progestagen, but progestagen selective. This is a very important detail, which is worth paying attention to – selectivity means “sighting” effect on the receptors of specific hormones without affecting the others.
NOMAC also makes the uterine tube mucus more viscous, and this fact physically impedes the sperm passage, and further strengthens the protection. Today it is over 99% – it is a solid guarantee of preventing unwanted pregnancy.
Various clinical studies have revealed no adverse systemic effect of the combination of 17β-estradiol and nomegestrola acetate. In particular:
- the development of arterial hypertension is not registered;
- no increase in levels of sugar and lipids in blood;
- body weight remains the same;
- not engorgement;
- skin condition does not worsen (may improve slightly);
- calcium metabolism is not affected, so bone mineralization remains stable;
- does not affect the endocrine organs (adrenal glands and the thyroid gland);
- does not increase the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer.
Thus, the combined oral contraceptive pills are really safe and can be used for a long time.
Furthermore, the prolonged use of monophasic COCs with 17β-estradiol and acetate nomegestrol has positive effect on the general condition of a women. This method is a good prevention of many pathologies: anemic syndrome, PMS, ectopic pregnancy, osteoporosis, menopausal disorders, hyperplasia and endometrial cancer, fibroids, cysts, and others.
The period of half-life of natural hormones formula from the body is 46 hours, so skipping one active pill does not reduce the reliability of protection. In other cases it is better to consult your gynecologist.
As you can see, today’s tablet formula of natural hormones has many advantages over other methods of protection from unwanted pregnancy. The main ones are:
- ease of use – 1 tablet every day (the package includes 4 “placebo” without active ingredients, in order not to forget about the daily intake);
- naturality and physiology – the maximum matching to hormone levels of the female body;
- effective contraception – Pearl Index (reflecting the number of unplanned pregnancies per 100 women) makes 0.38 for women 18-35 years of age;
- long-lasting protection – up to 46 hours on each tablet.
Tablets with a formula of natural hormones are suitable for all women who have no contraindications. Contraindications: arterial thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis, severe neurological conditions, liver tumors, and pregnancy postmenopause.
But do not forget about the modern achievements and feel free to ask your specialists about all the detailes. Consult your doctor for the selection of contraception.